General Purpose of nursing research is to answer the questions or solve problems of relevance to the nursing profession.

Specific purposes: Specific purposes of nursing research includes:

  • Basic research to extend the base of knowledge in nursing.
  • To formulate or refine a nursing theory.
  • Applied research to find solutions to existing problems.
  • To enhance the immediate utility of Evidence-Base-Practice.
  • To study the effectiveness of a nursing interventions.
  • To discover general principles of human behavior to solve problems in nursing practice.
  • To achieve varying level of explanation.
  • To identify, describe, explore, explain and predict and to exert control over the existing health problem situation.
  • To link research findings with Evidence-Base-Practice.
  • To develop and rigorously test a new method of measuring patient outcomes.
  • To help nurses make Evidence-Base treatment decisions.
  • To determine the benefits and risks of the newly developed or existing interventions.
  • To assess the cost-effectiveness of nursing interventions.
  • To diagnose, assess patients and to measure important clinical outcomes.
  • To facilitate the development of long-term care plans for patients. 
  • To provide guideline to patients to make important lifestyle choices and to be vigilant for key symptoms.
  • To decide resource allocation.
  • To prevent harm to the patients.
  • To determine the factors that, influence the health or cause illness, mortality, morbidity.
  • To design effective interventions.
  • To motivate people to comply with the treatment.
  • To engage in health promotion activities.
  • To study the barriers to positive health practices.
  • To understand the processes clients experience in a transition through health care crisis.
The purpose of research can be further studied depending on the nature of the study, i.e. the quantitative or qualitative study.

Purposes of Quantitative Research

  • To assess the prevalence of phenomenon. (How much?)
  • To study the frequency of the phenomenon. (How often?)
  • To understand the nature of phenomenon. (What is?)
  • To study the factors related to the phenomenon. (What influence)
  • To know the antecedents of the phenomenon. (What leads to?)
  • To identify the causal pathway of the phenomenon.
  • TO apply theory to explain the phenomenon.
  • TO understand the alterations in the phenomenon with modification or introduction of an intervention.
  • To predict the occurrence of cause and effect.
  • To make the phenomenon occur or to alter its prevalence.
Purposes of Qualitative Research

  • To define the phenomenon.
  • To label the phenomenon.
  • To understand the dimensions of the phenomenon.
  • To know the important aspects of the phenomenon.
  • To understand the nature of the phenomenon in depth.
  • To study the events/outcomes to which the phenomenon leads.
  • To illustrate the process by which the phenomenon evolves or experienced.
  • To identify what makes the phenomenon occur/exist.
  • To study the working of the phenomenon.
  • To learn the meaning of the phenomenon.
  • To evaluate the occurrence of the phenomenon.    
The nursing research, through a recently developed dimension of nursing profession; had existed ever since the nursing existed. From its most primitive trial and error form, it has evolved to today's most modern and scientific study. It is only three decades back it got momentum with the rapid inventions and technological advances in the health care delivery. From the transition of family doctor to nurse, research literacy is vital for nurses to provide cost-effective managed care.


Purposes of nursing research

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