AIMS OF EDUCATION

Education is a continuous lifelong process. The aim of education is to provide direction to the process of education. There are different aims of education like social aim, vocational aim, cultural aim, moral aim, spiritual aim, intellectual aim, etc.

Social Aim
Human being is considered to be a social animal. Education can make him to be a productive member of the society. Every individual is born with some potential. It is the education that helps the individual to meet his potential. Society is considered to be the result of interaction among the individuals either in small or large group. Education ensures peaceful existence of the society. By education, students realize the importance of social values like justice, fair play, healthy competition and harmony, etc. Education makes the individual accountable to the community and the nation. With social aims, education gives direction to the society in its development.

Vocational Aim
Process of education makes the individual to be capable of his livelihood, so that he can useful and lead a productive life in the society. The individual respects the dignity of labour. This aim makes him self-reliant and sufficient and fills the gap between education and vocation. Vocational aim has utilitarian dimension too. Education provides knowledge and skills to an individual in a fruitful manner.

Cultural Aim
Education has a cultural aim also. By undergoing education, child becomes civilized and cultured. An educated person develops aesthetic sense and respects other's culture. Knowing the culture includes gaining or acquiring knowledge about existing beliefs of a society, art, morals, laws, etc.

Moral Aim
Education helps in building up of character of an individual. Most values like honesty, truthfulness, justice, goodness, purity, courage, punctuality, and dutifulness are nurtured through education.

Spiritual Aim
Education is necessary to promote spirituality among the individuals. He raises himself above self-interest and works for the welfare of others, which is called to be the state of self-actualization. He not only preaches right or wrong, but also practices it in his life.

Intellectual Aim
Education provides opportunities to an individual to develop innate power or intellectual capacity to think rationally and lead his life independently with confidence.




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Aims of education in Pakistan

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