Diseases Common Signs and Symptoms



Name of Disease
Signs and Symptoms
ACROMEGALY
Coarse facial feature
ADDISON’S DISEASE
bronze like skin pigmentation
ANGINA
Crushing stubbing pain relieved by NTG
APPENDICITIS
rebound tenderness
ASTHMA
wheezing on expiration
BLADDER CA
painless hematuria
BPH
reduced size & force of urine
BULIMIA
chipmunk face
CATARACT
Painless vision loss, Opacity of the lens, blurring of vision
CHICKEN POX
Vesicular Rash (central to distal) dew drop on rose petal
CHOLERA
rice watery stool
CUSHING’S SYNDROME
moon face appearance and buffalo hump.
CYSTIC FIBROSIS
Salty skin
CYSTITIS
burning on urination
DENGUE
petechiae or (+) Herman’s sign.
DIPTHERIA
pseudo membrane formation
DKA
Kussmauls breathing (Deep Rapid RR)
DM
polyuria, polydypsia, polyphagia
DOWN SYNDROME
protruding tongue
DUCHENNE’S MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Gowers’ sign (use of hands to push one’s self from the floor)
DVT
Homan’s Sign
EMPHYSEMA
barrel chest
EPIGLOTITIS
3Ds’ Drooling, Dysphonia, Dysphagia
FIBRIN HYALIN
Expiratory Grunt
GERD
Barretts esophagus (erosion of the lower portion of the esophageal mucosa)
GLAUCOMA
Painfull vision loss, tunnel/gun barrel/halo vision (Peripheral Vision Loss)
Guillain Barre Syndrome
ascending muscle weakness
HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY
Flapping tremors
HODGKIN’S DSE/LYMPHOMA
painless, progressive enlargement of spleen & lymph tissues, Reedstenberg Cells
HYDROCEPHALUS
Bossing sign (prominent forehead)
HYPERTHYROIDISM/GRAVE’S DISEASE
exopthalmus
HYPOCALCEMIA
Chvostek & Trosseaus sign
INCREASE ICP
HYPERtension BRADYpnea BRADYcardia (Cushing’s Triad)
INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS
Hallmark: sore throat, cervical lymph adenopathy, fever
INTUSSUSCEPTION
sausage shaped mass, Dance Sign (empty portion of RLQ)
KAWASAKI SYNDROME
strawberry tongue
LEPROSY
lioning face
LIVER CIRRHOSIS
spider like varices
LTB
inspiratory stridor
LYME’S DSE
Bull’s eye rash
MALARIA
stepladder like fever with chills
MEASLES
koplik’s spots.
MENIERE’S DSE
Vertigo, Tinnitus
MENINGITIS
Kernig’s sign (leg flex then leg pain on extension), Brudzinski sign (neck flex = lower leg flex).
MG
descending muscle weakness
MI
Crushing stubbing pain which radiates to left shoulder, neck, arms, unrelieved by NTG
MS
Charcot’s Triad (IAN)
PANCREATITIS
Cullen’s sign (ecchymosis of umbilicus); (+) Grey turners spots.
PARKINSON’S
Pill-rolling tremors
PDA
machine like murmur
PEMPHIGUS VULGARIS
Nikolsky’s sign (separation of epidermis caused by rubbing of the skin)
PERNICIOUS ANEMIA
red beefy tongue
PNEUMONIA
rusty sputum
PTB
low-grade afternoon fever
PYLORIC STENOSIS
olive like mass
RETINAL DETACHMENT
Visual Floaters, flashes of light, curtain vision
RETINO BLASTOMA
Cat’s eye reflex (grayish discoloration of pupils)
SHOCK
HYPOtension TACHYpnea TACHYcardia
SLE
butterfly rashes
TEF
4Cs’ Coughing, Choking, Cyanosis, Continous Drooling
TETANUS
risus sardonicus.
TETANY
hypocalcemia (+) Trousseau’s sign/carpopedal spasm; Chvostek sign (facial spasm)
TYPHOID
rose spots in abdomen.
ULCERATIVE COLITIS
recurrent bloody diarrhea































































































































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